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Three Views on the Rapture characters ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ The rapture or the belief that at some point Jesus’ living followers will join him forever while others do not is an important but contested doctrine among evangelicals Scholars generally hold one of three perspectives on the timing ofSets forth the Post Tribulation view Each author provides a substantive explanation of his position which is critiued by the other two authors A thorough introduction gives a historical overview of the doctrine of the rapture and its effects on the church The interactive and fair minded format of the Counterpoints series allows readers to consider the strengths and weaknesses of each view and draw informed personal conclusio. An excellent resource for those premillennialists who are seeking clarity about finer points of eschatology The three contributors are skilled exegetes What is refreshing to me is their gentlemanly approach to their many areas of agreement and their few areas of disagreement

Craig A. Blaising Ô 5 Read & Download

The rapture or the belief that at some point Jesus’ living followers will join him forever while others do not is an important but contested doctrine among evangelicals Scholars generally hold one of three perspectives on the timing of and circumstances surrounding the rapture all of which are presented in Three Views on the Rapture The recent prominence of a Pre Wrath understanding of the rapture calls for a fresh examinat. Blaising Craig Alan Hultberg and Douglas Moo Three Views on the Rapture Pretribulation Prewrath or Posttribulation 2nd ed Counterpoints Edited by Stanley N Gundry Grand Rapids Zondervan 2010This second edition of Three Views on the Rapture is a fine work in the multiple views genre The uality of argumentation in this book is also high Moo who contributed to both the first and second editions comments several times that he found his opponents' argumentation superior in this volume in comparison to the arguments found in the first edition SummaryBlaising's case for the pretribulation rapture can be summarized as follows 1 Thessalonians 4 5 teaches that Christians will be spared from the wrath of God poured out on the earth during the day of the Lord The rapture is the stated means by which believers are spared Further by harmonizing the teaching of Daniel about the end and the Olivet Discourse it becomes clear that the ultimate day of the Lord euals Daniel's seventieth week which euals the period described in the Olivet Discourse The book of Revelation supports this view by correlating the tribulations it describes with the OT day of the Lord Revelation 310 supports the pretribulation rapture by promising the Philadelphian Christians as representative of the church that they will be spared from the hour of trial which shall come on the whole earth By adopting this view one is able to explain why some texts present the parousia as unexpected and preceded by no signs while other passages say the parousia is preceded by signs The pretribulationalist understands the parousia to be a complex event The rapture will occur first and will not be preceded by sings but the return of Christ to earth to begin his reign will be preceded by signs The pretribulationalist is also better able to account for the conversion of a remnant after the rapture and resurrection who will be able to populate the Millennium as mortalsHultberg says that the prewrath position rests on two major theses that the church will enter the last half of Daniel's seventieth week and that between the rapture of the church and the return of Christ to earth will be a significant period of extraordinary divine wrath 109 The following points support the first thesis 1 the Olivet discourse is addressed to the disciples as representative Christians who will see the abomination of desolation 2 Parallel language connects 1 Thessalonians 415 16 and Matthew 2431 together as rapture passages; 3 2 Thessalonians 23 indicates the rapture is preceded by the abomination of desolation; 4 Revelation presents the church entering the tribulation since the letters to the seven churches are both letters to first century churches and eschatological predictions—and letters to Smyrna and Thyatira indicate the church will enter the tribulation; 5 the rapture occurs at Rev 79 and Revelation 14 In support of the second thesis 1 Paul is clear that Christians will not experience God's wrath Rom 59; 1 Thess 110; 59 and in some texts this wrath is clearly connected to the parousia; 2 The parousia must be a complex event rather than an instantaneous event to make sense of all Scripture says about it; 3 Revelation displays rapture wrath return seuences Moo begins his essay by emphasizing that the church will face tribulation throughout history Though he does not deny there is a final tribulation he consistently minimizes it His main point is that the end time is not something distinctively future It is a time the church has been living in since its inception Similarly Moo understands Daniel's seventieth week to run through the entire church age Moo also disassociates the final tribulation from the day of the Lord a point to which he returns repeatedly throughout his essay This allows him to minimize the wrath of God during the tribulation and emphasize the persecution of God's people Moo does not however deny that God pours out his wrath at the very end in a way that affects the whole earth But he argues that this sword cuts two ways since there are some of God's people on earth during the tribulation under anyone's scheme He resolves this problem by noting that believers in the OT were often affected by judgments directed toward others Much of the rest of Moo's articles argues that there is no clear evidence for a rapture distinct from Christ's return to earth He notes the words used to describe the second coming do not distinguish comings Nor do the main rapture passages John 43; 1 Cor 1551 52; 1 Thess 413 18 indicate the second coming happens in two stages In fact a number of passages disassociate the day of the Lord from the tribulation and tie it to the descent of Christ Thus when 2 Thessalonians 2 places events of the tribulation before the day of the Lord it is placing the tribulation before the rapture Moo finds confirmation for his view in the Olivet Discourse which he thinks refers largely to the church age and it's one return of Christ in Matt 2431 40 41 Likewise Revelation which also largely refers to the entire church age never refers to a rapture though it does place the first resurrection in close connection to the return of Christ to set up the millennium Since there is a resurrection in connection with the rapture and since this is the first resurrection the rapture cannot precede this point in time EvaluationEvaluation of this topic is exceedingly complex Rapture positions are determined by correlating facts from a wide variety of passages This in itself makes the topic complex but the complexity is compounded by interpretational difficulties encountered in the key texts This means that the debate is not merely over how key facts are systematized; the debate extends to the level of what facts can be deduced from a series of debated texts Strengths of Moo's position1 Moo has the simplest position All parousia and rapture texts refer to the same event2 The absence of any clear mention of the Rapture in Revelation favors Moo's position3 Moo's rejoinder that all positions have believers on earth when God pours out his wrath coupled with his observation that the Bible often indicates that believers can be indirectly affected by judgments directed toward othersWeaknesses of Moo's position1 Moo repeatedly appeals to inaugurated eschatology in support of his position But inaugurated eschatology would indicate that there are initial fulfillments to be followed by fuller final fulfillments Moo doesn't seem to fully reckon with these fuller final fulfillments He grants there will be a final tribulation but he routinely minimizes it to emphasize that the church has always gone through tribulation This seems to evade the issue under discussion2 In connection with the appeals to inaugurated eschatology Moo applies Daniel's seventieth seven much of the Olivet discourse and much of Revelation to the church age Regarding Daniel since the previous 69 sevens referred to periods of seven years it would seem that the final seven should be understood as a period of seven years rather than as an undefined period of time With the Olivet Discourse even if the abomination of desolation did refer to the destruction of the temple itself a debated interpretation it would seem that event was typological of a final fulfillment in connection with Antichrist given the context of the prophecy in Daniel Overall approaches to Revelation are debated but I find a generally futurist approach see Grant Osborne's BECNT commentary compelling than generally idealist approaches see Greg Beale's NIGTC commentary; Moo opts for the latter3 Moo's consistent downplaying of the tribulation as a time of God's wrath and his relegation of the day of the Lord to Christ's actual return to earth disregards compelling data to the contrary presented by both Blaising and Hultberg Moo even grants in his rejoinder that the Old Testament evidence may stand against his position Replying that the New Testament alone should determine the matter is hardly a sufficient reply4 Moo also has trouble with some particular texts His attempt to understand Revelation 310 in light of John 1711 12 15 fails on the grounds that Revelation speaks of being kept from a time period rather than from the evil one Moo's understanding of Revelation 204 also runs into problems Moo understands first resurrection in an absolute sense as the first resurrection since the resurrection of Christ This not only fails to reckon with the resurrection recounted in Matthew 2752 53 but also reuires displacing 204 chronologically since the resurrection mentioned there is post parousia This is unlikely since 1911 2010 is best understood as a single vision with the subject of ἐκάθισαν being the armies that returned with Christ to earth see Svigel TrnJ 221 pp 51 52I find evidence for an extended day of the Lord parousia persuasive I also remain convinced that promises that the church in general will be spared the wrath of God during this time period and since I find Moo downplaying events that he concedes will happen eg a final tribulation I end the end find his view less than persuasive Strengths of Hultberg's position1 The discussions of and warnings about tribulation events in the Olivet discourse Thessalonians and Revelation could indicate that Christians will experience some tribulation events though it does not necessitate this2 His arguments for the parousia as a complex event connected with the outpouring of God's wrathWeaknesses of Hultberg's position1 It is difficult to find the Rapture in Revelation 79 and Revelation 1416 seems too ambiguous to bear the weight of the position 2 I find it unlikely that the first five seals opened in are not the outpouring of God's wrath Hultberg argues that simply because God is the opener of the seals does not mean that the seals are outpourings of God's wrath because God is in control of all things But this minimizes the symbolism of the sealed scroll This was a scroll that only the Lamb who had been slain was worthy to take and open There is much going on here than sovereign control over the affairs of earth 3 Though the exegesis of 1 Thessalonians 23 is tricky I’m convinced that the text is saying that the day of the Lord is not present unless two other things are also present The first of these is the apostasy and the second is the revelation of the man of lawlessness I’m not convinced that the verse is saying these two things must precede the day of the Lord Hultberg's arguments for the rapture of the church before the outpouring of God's wrath mirror Blaising's own argumentation His arguments that this wrath occurs during only part of the seventieth week are inferential and rest on debatable texts Strengths of Blaising's position1 Blaising makes an impressive case for correlating Daniel's seventieth seven the tribulation and the day of the Lord 2 Blaising makes a solid case that the church will be spared from God's wrath in the final day of the Lord Though some texts are debatable his argumentation on texts such as Revelation 310 and 2 Thessalonians 2 was sound Weaknesses of Blaising's position1 Blaising's interpretation of the Olivet Discourse struck me as uniue It is a complex passage and Blaising may well be right but the uniueness of his approach struck me as a potential weakness2 Blaising does have to deal with the problem of tribulation saints whom he regards as part of the church rightly in my estimation being on earth during the outpouring of God's wrath during the day of the Lord Blaising has constructed the most convincing pretribulation argument that I have encountered He has abandoned many of the less convincing arguments that are often proposed in support of pretribulationalism I found Blaising's argumentation overall convincing than Hultberg’s or Moo’s He seemed to best understand the significance of the Day of the Lord prophecies and their connection to the parousia as a complex event He also rightly recognized that God promised the church deliverance from this time period of special judgment The most damaging objection is the presence of the saints in the tribulation period I think that Moo provides the best theological explanation for the presence of these saints in a period of God's wrath But this theological explanation does not counteract God's promises that he will in general remove his people from the day of his wrath The tribulation saints are an anomaly because they were saved after the rapture of the church on the pretribulation view and the presence of an anomaly does not entirely overthrow Blaising's positionOverall this second edition has greatly improved upon the first This may now be the best introductory resource to the topic of the rapture

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Three Views on the RaptureIon of this important but contested Christian belief Alan D Hultberg PhD Trinity International University and professor of New Testament at Talbot School of Theology explains the Pre Wrath view; Craig Blaising PhD Dallas Theological Seminary and president of Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary defends the Pre Tribulation view; and Douglas Moo PhD University of St Andrews and professor of New Testament at Wheaton College. I was fascinated to read a book with such a debate where I'm already unpersuaded by the foundational premises of every position in the debate It was very interesting and engaging to see the proponents of each view speak for themselves up to now I've only read critiues of these positions from outside their own camps Every contributor did a fine job representing his position but I found Douglas Moo's post trib arguments to be the most convincing from the text of Scripture