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Summary The Fall of the Roman Empire

Free download The Fall of the Roman Empire ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ¹ What caused the fall of Rome Since Gibbon's day scholars have hotly debated the uestion come up with the answers ranging from blood poisoning to immorality In recent years however the most likely explanation has been neglected wasn't it T it above all else a military collapse Prof Ferrill believes it was puts forth his case in this provocative bookPrefaceThe decline fall of RomeThe grand strategy of the Roman empireCrises on the frontiers in the 4th century Theodos. Read this a supplementary reading for Yale's Brady Johnson Program in Grand Strategy The basic thrust of this book it to get down to the detail as to why the Western Empire collapsed from a military perspective It boils down to1 A shift from perimeter defense to a mobile strike force cheaper to maintain which allowed barbarians to invade and settle on the Roman side of the Danube and Rhine2 Barbarization of the Roman army By the end of the 4th Century the Roman army was a shadow of its former self having lost the discipline and training to fight in close formation and the recruitment of barbarians The army ceased to use armor suare shields could not march as far could not fight in formation3 A shift to cavalry infantry wins battles as the infantry declined cavalry became the elite units but were less effective

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What caused the fall of Rome Since Gibbon's day scholars have hotly debated the uestion come up with the answers ranging from blood poisoning to immorality In recent years however the most likely explanation has been neglected wasn'. I read a book in the 70s the excellent Unless Peace Comes in which the author reminded us that when a civilisation ends an empire falls or a man loses everything then for that civilisation empire or man it literally is the end of the world For the Poles I grew up around the Poland they knew ceased to exist on September 17th when the Soviets invaded a Poland engaged in a struggle for survival with the Nazis The Poland that came into existence after the war was a totally different one without its Jewish element with its borders moved westwards so that for those from the East there was no longer a Polish home and freedoms were curtailed I grew up in a world where we lived constantly in fear of nuclear holocaust the Cuban Missile Crisis and Reagan’s administration were real lows and today we have the economic disaster and the threat of Peak Oil energy resources running out and climate changeSmall wonder I love Apocalyptic and dystopic fiction they’re like primers for the world to comeArther Ferrill reminds us right at the beginning of this book that the fall of the Roman Empire was the end of civilisation “there was one respect in which they excelled without uestion That was in the creation of a basic standard of living that remains a marvel in the history of western civilisation Unlike most living before or since until very recent times the inhabitants of the Roman Empire had ample supplies of fresh water for drinking and bathing often transported hundreds of miles in the famous systems of aueducts The fact is that Romans did bathe in elaborate publicly supported heated baths found all over the Roman Empire from Hadrian’s Wall to the Greek East That alone makes them nearly uniue in western history” You would struggle to find another empire that lasted as longFerrill then goes on to analyse the causes of the fall He reminds us of the various theories from Gibbons’ “Decline and Fall” through to modern analysis He points out that many theories about economic collapse bureaucracy decadence and political inadeuacy of an Empire tottering “into its grave from senile decay impelled by a gentle push from the barbarians” are not sufficient The Roman world spread from the North of England to the deserts of Syria from the Danube to the Atlas Mountains The flaws and faults historians have identified apply to the totality of this world yet it is the West that fell in less than a lifetime the East continued to thrive and survive for almost another thousand yearsIn the end Ferrill points out the West fell because it was invaded by the barbarians and could not adeuately defend itself It fell because of the destruction of Roman military power Ferrill goes on to analyse this decline in the Roman military machine the most powerful fighting force until the Napoleonic era And what a fascinating tale unfolds Ferrill loves his subject and covers it in an interesting and most of the time very clear fashion We watch enthralled as decisions are made and revealed as stepping stones to doom politicians and generals seeking power turn on themselves and in the process destroy everything Decisions are made whose ramifications will in the distant future prove disastrousThis is good stuff Short succinct informed It rings alarm bells Power seeking politicians always make short term decisions The sheep are herded into the slaughterhouse unaware of the fate that awaits them And who can blame them The Polish Jews and Christians walked in the streets of Warsaw Krakow and Lwow on the 31st of August 1939 without a real care in the world just as we walk ours

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The Fall of the Roman EmpireIus the great AD 378 395The turning point AD 406 410The grand strategy of the western Roman empire in the early 5th centuryAetius the vandals the HunsThe fall of RomeTable of EmperorsNotesSelect BibliographyIllustration CreditsIndex. This book is a self conscious defense of the thesis that the Western Roman Empire fell primarily as a conseuence of the degeneration of its military against all comers This collapse Ferrill goes on to specify was primarily a result of the 'barbarization' of the Roman army their prior successes being substantially the result of maintaining a a superior infantry the result of drill and discipline b superior systems of supply c superior siegecraft d naval superiority The barbarization of the military was itself the result of a a decline in training b increasing reliance on barbarian auxiliaries In addition Ferrill critiues gradualists like Brown who ualify the proposition that we can determine an approximate date for the fall of Rome