Capitalist Realism: Is There No Alternative? Read & Download ↠ 108

Summary Capitalist Realism: Is There No Alternative?

Capitalist Realism: Is There No Alternative? Read & Download ↠ 108 Ý In uesto breve ma fondamentale testo che ha avuto un impatto enorme sugli ambienti culturali in primo luogo anglofoni il critico e teorico Mark Fisher ragiona su come il realismo capitalista abbia occupato ogni area della nostra esperienza uotidIn uesto breve ma fondamentale testo che ha avuto un impatto enorme sugli ambienti culturali in primo luogo anglofoni il critico e teorico Mark Fis. So what do you do about capitalism if you live in a world where as both Jameson Žižek have noted it is easier to imagine the end of the world then the end of capitalism or as Fisher puts it in the short engaging and entertaining book if there is a widespread sense that not only is capitalism the only viable political and economic system but also that it is now impossible even to imagine a coherent alternative to itFirst up disagree I can imagine a viable alternative to capitalism Alain Badiou's The Communist Hypothesis helped me there I like to think I am helping to build a viable alternative to capitalism but I am aware that there are not many people on the construction site with me and it is I admit really hard to envisage exactly what my imaginary alternative looks like – except it is collectivist social eual democratic and I don't mean there are electoral rituals that perpetuate the power of a small group but participatory and does not reuire the alienation of humans from their being to work in the service of someone elseThen to agree I don't see my imaginary viable alternative as all that likely and am acutely aware that Fisher is correct when he argues that the 'reality' of capitalism hides the Real its actual form so that the accept capitalism's reality is to miss its essential form and character he does get a little Lacanian at one stage I suspect his debt to Žižek More notably I am also aware that in my everyday work as an academic and as a university manager I am not only complicit in but actively perpetuate late capitalism's surveillance culture where we control and discipline ourselvesThe analysis here of mental health as a social disease of the dyslexia epidemic as post lexia the condition of life in a world where reading is unnecessary of neo liberalism's love of a specific type of big state – the surveillance state – but hatred of the welfare state as not a paradox but as essential to late capitalism packs an awful lot into 81 pages What he doesn't do and where Fisher shows how bad we have got at imagining not only an alternative to capitalism but also ways to resist it is suggest anything meaningful than a call to stop bickering over the past and find ways to as much as possible withdraw from doing capitalism's surveillance work for itIn short this is a fabulous analysis – but we have plenty of them notably Jodi Dean's Democracy and Other Neo Liberal Fantasies Ellen Meiksins Wood's Empire of Capital Naomi Klein's The Shock Doctrine by all means read this and those three titles but look also for ways to move beyond the analysis – and for me you can't go far past Marta Harnecker's Rebuilding the Left or in the UK the political project best represented by Red Pepper magazine

Free read ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ô Mark Fisher

Erlo E lo fa attraverso esempi presi non solo dalla politica ma anche dai film e dalla narrativa di fantascienza dalla musica pop e dalla televisio. Such an interesting book in spite of its 80 pages it took me three days to read it there is a lot to digest and think about I'm pretty sure I underlined half the book and what's the point of underlining so muchLiving in 2018 it is hard if not impossible to imagine an alternative system to capitalism This feeling this sense is what the term 'capitalist realism' is about Capitalism engulfs anything and makes it its own ' Witness for instance the establishment of settled ‘alternative’ or ‘independent’ cultural zones which endlessly repeat older gestures of rebellion and contestation as if for the first time ‘Alternative’ and ‘independent’ don’t designate something outside mainstream culture; rather they are styles in fact the dominant styles within the mainstream' so how are you supposed to protest thisAntagonism is not now located externally in the face off between class blocs but internally in the psychology of the worker who as a worker is interested in old style class conflict but as someone with a pension fund is also interested in maximizing the yield from his or her investments There is no longer an identifiable external enemy The conseuence is Marazzi argues that post Fordist workers are like the Old Testament Jews after they left the ‘house of slavery’ liberated from a bondage to which they have no wish to return but also abandoned stranded in the desert confused about the way forwardFisher learned from Zizek to use items of current pop culture especially movies to make his points which makes this so readableHe doesn't stop at a 'simple' critiue of capitalism he delves into mental illness I'm again reminded of Fromm's The Sane Society which Fisher doesn't cite was he aware of it Likely Fisher suffered from depression so it makes sense that he looks at late capitalism as a causative agent of mental illness to him the chemical and structural changes in the brain are of course real and can be 'solved' with medication but does having to live in an insane system cause these changes Fromm againFisher looks at the counter intuitive proliferation of bureaucracy in organisations and how almost magical it seems Nobody knows what is reuired the directives make no sense so entirely new structures come into being there is no final authority to appeal to any workers have to become their own auditors and stress increases manifold while nobody 'outside' cares about the auditing results This thought of a visible system impossible to understand with nebulous interests with no overall controllers or rules that's what makes this book so interesting to read the 'centerlessness of global capitalism' Fisher has this neat example where during the 2008 bank crisis people complained about the privatising government but not about the bungling companies he interprets that as a coping mechanism It's easier to blame a few politicians than an incredibly complex system nobody has oversight over and nobody understands and nobody can map The disavowal of the government happens in part because the centerlessness of global capitalism is radically unthinkableHere comes my favorite uote in this contextThe closest that most of us come to a direct experience of the centerlessness of capitalism is an encounter with the call center As a consumer in late capitalism you increasingly exist in two distinct realities the one in which the services are provided without hitch and another reality entirely the crazed Kafkaesue labyrinth of call centers a world without memory where cause and effect connect together in mysterious unfathomable ways where it is a miracle that anything ever happens and you lose hope of ever passing back over to the other side where things seem to function smoothly What exemplifies the failure of the neoliberal world to live up to its own PR better than the call center Even so the universality of bad experiences with call centers does nothing to unsettle the operating assumption that capitalism is inherently efficient as if the problems with call centers weren’t the systemic conseuences of a logic of Capital which means organizations are so fixated on making profits that they can’t actually sell you anythingAt the end Fisher begins to map out how a 'new left' could react to and work with late capitalism New ascesis could be needed since unlimited freedom breeds only misery The bank crisis has discredited neoliberalism so now there is an ideological hole that can be filled Bring back the idea of the 'general will' and take back the public space from the state The 'new left' can start by working with the desires that neoliberalism has generated such as a reduced bureaucracy by starting a 'new struggle over work and who controls it' Mental illnesses should be transformed 'outward' into antagonisms against CapitalOverall extremely interesting lots of food for thought highly recommended if you like to think about our entire system of beingSadly Fisher never got to develop these ideas into a full framework he took his own life one year agoPSThe way value is generated on the stock exchange depends of course less on what a company ‘really does’ and on perceptions of and beliefs about its future performance In capitalism that is to say all that is solid melts into PR and late capitalism is defined at least as much by this ubiuitous tendency towards PR production as it is by the imposition of market mechanismsNow this book is a little bit older by now Elon Musk's Tesla has perfected this approach make a ton of PR sell very little miss production targets His popularity alone somehow makes everyone ignore horrible working conditions as well as firing workers for trying to unionize Edit 8th Feb 2018 Musk shot a car into space to the great elation of everybody it was mostly ignored that his company uietly announced its biggest uarterly loss ever a day laterPPSIt wouldn’t be surprising if profound social and economic instability resulted in a craving for familiar cultural forms to which we return in the same way that Bourne reverts to his core reflexesDoes he predict the rise of the current garbage neo reactionariesalt right Maybe but it also goes without saying that uncertain times breed nationalism and xenophobia we've had that a few times in history now

Mark Fisher ô 8 Summary

Capitalist Realism Is There No AlternativeHer ragiona su come il realismo capitalista abbia occupato ogni area della nostra esperienza uotidiana e si interroga su come sia possibile combatt. So this book leaves me with many unanswered uestions But I loved it It is the first book I have read by Fisher and I find it to be a great introduction to what he is about Politics and culture come together here and his reading of capitalism through films and fiction is a pretty great guide You see things in a por perceptive way after reading this I take this responsibility which capital culture takes away so we don't really need to see that everything we do has a conseuence The problem es the structure this structure based on Capital where responsibility is not really going towards each person Definitely recommended