Read & Download Other Minds: The Octopus The Sea and the Deep Origins of Consciousness ´ E-book or Kindle E-pub

Read & Download Other Minds: The Octopus, The Sea, and the Deep Origins of Consciousness

Read & Download Other Minds: The Octopus, The Sea, and the Deep Origins of Consciousness ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ç n una rama muy distante de la nuestra en el árbol de las especies surgió otra mente elevada la de los cefalópodos Pero ¿ué clase de inteligencia pN una rama muy distante de la nuestra en el árbol de las especies surgió otra mente elevada la de los cefalópodos Pero ¿ué clase de inteligencia poseen estos animales ¿Cómo desarrolló tal inteligencia el pulpo criatura de escasa vida social y longevidad de apenas dos añosOtras mentes es una nueva y audaz historia de cómo la naturaleza se hizo consciente de sí misma un relato ue transcurre en gran medida en el mar Peter Godfrey Smith distinguido filósofo de la ciencia y hábil buceador describe sus impresionantes encuentros con octópodos y las travesuras perpetradas por pulpos cautivos al tiempo ue traza el asombroso viaje evolutivo de los cefalópodos una ruta alejada de la ue más tarde tomaríamos los mamíferos Una inmersión profunda y excepcionalmente reveladora en los orígenes de la exper. I wanted to like this book I really did but unfortunately it just didn't do much for meFirst of all my background and the book's I studied bio with an emphasis on evolution This book is about the evolution of octopus brains a system only distantly linked to our own An octopus is really the closest thing we have to a truly alien intelligence whereas mammals and birds have similar systems in play We were a match made in heaven I was thrilled for this book and even tried to get a friend to read it with meUnfortunately that's where the love affair ended The book started interestingly enough with a discussion of life in the Ediacaran Pre Cambrian period This the author asserts is when life started being able to sense and we got the first bits of nervous systems Super interesting though of course largely speculation when looking at these fossils most suishy things are gone There's also uestions as to why the nervous system developed in the first place The author is a little slow in describing the commonly known bits of evolution ie vertebrates but I also recognize that And then vertebrates developed as you might expect would be enough for meThis is where the books starts to lose structure The author just begins discussing anecdotes of octopus behavior but seems to just ramble without a clear goal in mind First he discusses many experiments with octopus and many surprising anceotes from those experiments but he largely seems to gloss over what those experiments meant or what they told us about octopus behavior or thoughts The author recounts similar tales of wild octopus again mainly just to demonstrate that they have higher intelligenceThere's an interesting bit when the author discusses whether octopus have the same centralized brain as we do or if it's of a sum of its armsparts However the author never really goes anywhere with this He briefly discusses a maze experiment than proves that this exists then discusses a few stories that indicates this exists and then nothing For a straight biology book this may have been acceptable but this is biology and philosophy What does this mean How does that make life different for an octopus Well there's not any answer to thatAbout then the book grinds to a screeching halt as the author ponders consciousness and it's painful While there are some truly interesting experiments mentioned a lot of it just gets into the navel gazing of uestioning what consciousness is This section is nearly unreadable at timesI keep coming back to that metaphor of consciousness as white noise when I'm trying to get my head around this topic It is a metaphor very much so It's a metaphot of sound applied to organisms that at least in most cases probably could not hear at all I'm not sure why the image stays so consistently with me Somehow it seems to point in the right direction with its evocation of a crackle of the metabolic electricity and the shape of the story suggested That shape is one in which experience starts in an inchoate buzz and becomes organizedThat paragraph does nearly nothing to advance the book Others are virtually incomprehensibleIn our own case looking inside we find that subjective experience has a close association with perception and control with using what we sense to work out what we do Why should this be Why shouldn't subjective experience be associated with other things Why isn't it brimful of basic bodily rhythms the division of cells life itself Some people say it is full of those things than we realize anyway I don't think so and suspect there's a clue here Subjective experience does not arise from the mere running of the system but from the modulation of its state from registering things that matter These need not be external events; they might arise internally But they are tracked because they matter and reuire a response Sentience has some point to it It's not just a bathing in living activityYeah that paragraph needs some serious editing A lot of these philosophical bits are nearly unreadable Perhaps I just lack the background but I can't be the only one This is from the same author who really went over the fact that vertebrate evolution happened in near boring level of clarity just a few chapters earlierThere is a super fascinating section on cuttlefish and suid and how they are able to change colors Then the shocking revelation that these animals are likely colorblind The author does a wonderful job here though admittedly our understanding is woefully incomplete The author does a great job here and diagrams are genuinely helpfulThen there's another section this time about the use of language in consciousness and thinking Why was this not with the other section on the human mind Also why are we discussing this The octopus and cuttlefish completely lack language why is it in this bookThis is shortly followed on speculation on aging and the octopus's short life span This is adeuate although I found the author's explanations lacking Again the author went through the evolutionary tree in detail a couple times now iirc but really can't explain the major theory of aging in any adeuate fashionShortly following this chapter on aging there's a chapter on how the octopolis a group or city of octopus formed and then suddenly the book is over on page 204 of 255 When reading I was expecting another chapter to really wrap everything up nicely and give me the overarching picture Nothing Instead the rest of the book is full of notes on what the author was talking about earlier in the book Was there any indication of these endnotes Nope None whatsoever Some are clarifications others are just sources I read none of them because why would I read a note on something back on page 57 after I finished the bookAll in all it's not what I wanted Perhaps it should have been titled Unusual octopus behavior and essays on philosophy and that would have been closer to the truth Only about a third of the books is about octopus and that's really a problem considering how much it's marketed on that I think the author missed an opportunity to really delve into octopus and mollusk evolution but instead only talked about bilaterally symmetrical evolution and when mollusks and vertebrates split How do you have an organism with blue green blood jet propulsion three hearts and a digestive system that passes through its brain and you fail to discuss the evolution of any of it in favor of discussing the role of language in thought Yeah it just doesn't make any sense There may have been a slight discussion of the limbs and nerves but definitely falling short I was also looking for in the way of how octopus responded differently than mammals or birds but there wasn't much of that eitherThe book I got just didn't gel with the book I was promised I don't know whether it was over marketed or the author wanted to say but lacked data Either way the end product was a bit of a mess Sorry but this was not the book for this bio major It really didn't cover much about octopus intelligence or evolution in any way I was hoping it wouldWith the possible exception of the cuttlefishI could never be mad at you

Peter Godfrey-Smith ☆ 9 Read & Download

Iencia subjetivaCríticas«El tema es tan asombroso ue es difícil no sentirse seducido como le pasó al propio autor cuando le extendió una mano a un pulpo y éste se acercó para devolverle el toue en clara señal de interés»Irene Wanner The Seattle Times«Fascinante Después de leer este libro parafraseando a Byron no amarás menos al hombre sino más a los cefalópodos»Callum Roberts The Washington Post«El filósofo Godfrey Smith combina hábilmente ciencia filosofía y sus propias experiencias nadando entre estos animales tentaculares para iluminar el origen y la naturaleza de la conciencia»The Economist«Godfrey Smith se ha impuesto un doble reto por un lado recoger todo lo ue sabemos sobre la conducta y el conocimiento de los pulpos y por otro mostrar por ué esta información es a su vez un ret. Cephalopods are among my favourite animal species They are amazing and yet so much of them remains mysterious I was thrilled to learn of this book when a friend recently reviewed it On the TBR list it wentPeter Godfrey Smith is a philosophy professor who spends his spare time studying cephalopods In Other Minds The Octopus the Sea and the Deep Origins of Consciousness he takes us underwater to explore these magnificent creatures and to ponder the origin of intelligence and consciousness I know you already got that from the title Because our evolutionary paths diverged so long ago about 600 million years ago in the form of a flattened worm like creature we know that intelligence and consciousness evolved at least twice What does that say about intelligence What does that say about consciousness Is it inevitable that life forms develop these traits And exactly how smart are cephalopods Mr Godfrey Smith explores these uestions as he relates what we know about these mysterious and awesome sea creatures A few fascinating facts about octopuses from this book•There are around 300 known species of octopus at present•The giant Pacific octopus the largest weighs in at 100 pounds and can span 20 feet from arm tip to arm tip•Octopuses have blue green blood pumped from their three hearts due to copper not iron molecules carrying oxygen•Octopuses seem to distinguish between short term and long term memory as we humans do•Octopuses can sueeze through a hole as tiny as their eyeballThen there are cuttlefish Wow those things are AMAZING Aside from their apparent intelligence and curiosity of the world around them they have the ability to change their bodies to all colours of the rainbow Sometimes this is in patterns such as stripes other times cloudy They can change their entire colour scheme in less than a second Australian Giant Cuttlefish by Richard Ling Wikimedia CommonsClick here to watch a mesmerizing video of Giant Cuttlefish off the coast of NSW AustraliaIf you're curious about the strange and awesome creatures which are cephalopods you might want to pick up this book It's both informational and philosophical exploring what intelligence is and why it has evolved  It is well written awe inspiring and thought provoking  Oh and it also has lots of cool photos 

characters â E-book, or Kindle E-pub ☆ Peter Godfrey-Smith

Other Minds The Octopus The Sea and the Deep Origins of ConsciousnessO de cara a nuestra concepción filosófica y científica de la mente El resultado es de lo más convincente»Science«Si esto es filosofía funciona Godfrey Smith es uno de esos filósofos ue buscan pistas en el mundo Sabio y curioso nunca resulta dogmático y es sorprendentemente agudo»Carl Safina The New York Times Book Review«Godfrey Smith enlaza hábilmente historia evolutiva y biología con los debates filosóficos más amplios sobre la naturaleza»Nick Romeo The Chicago Tribune«Una magistral combinación de historia natural filosofía y curiosidad De lectura obligada para cualuier persona interesada en la evolución de la mente»Jennifer Ackerman autora de El ingenio de los pájaros«Una deslumbrante muestra de la mejor pop science Increíblemente revelador y divertido»Meehan Crist Los Angeles Tim. Gosh I wasn't crazy about this Godfrey Smith is an Australian Sydney native teaching at City University in New York He began studying octopus in 2008 by following them around in scuba gear He is a philosopher not a scientist I did not grasp that when we began There were some very un scientific notions presented that struck me as weird Cephalopods and baboons are both partial cases unfinished in a sense though one should not think of evolution as goal directedI should think not There was some other strange stuff about a gentleman who became aphasic occasionally but still had to express himself which he did by pointing Godfrey Smith thought the man's aphasia 'proved' the man no longer had the capacity for languagedespite the man being mentally aware and was pointing to things Just seems a notion the author is floating that doesn't really bear scrutinyLook the man had some terrific times observing suid giant cuttlefish and octopus and has some terrific stories and even some photos to tell about them the way they morph shape texture and color and look interested to be around humans We learn that the cephalopods live about two years which does seem exceptionally short though Godfrey Smith goes off on another philosophical tangent about why such a big brained animal would live so short a time when the dopes of the animal kingdom live comparatively foreverNot the right uestions for me