Review ½ Pakistan or Partition of India 102

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Pakistan or Partition of IndiaABOUT THE BOOK This book is the first reprint edition of great reformist farsighted and the father of Indian Constitution Dr B R Ambedkar He had treasure of knowledge which he used to frame the Constitution of the largest democracy of the world India One of his book Pakistan or the Partition of India which was originally published in the year 1945 is again in front of the readers in the same format and style in which it was published originally This book deals with the Following Chapters Muslim Case for Pakistan Hindu case Against Pakistan What if not Pakistan Pakistan and the Malaise Must there be Pakistan The Problems of Pakistan Who can De. Dr B R Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee of the Indian Constitution In spite of hard toil as a member of a Dalit community he rose to prominence as a lawyer and constitutional expert Ambedkar’s opinion carried great weight in the last decade of India's bondage under Britain because the Muslim League was pulling out all stops in their frantic uest to drive a wedge between the Depressed Classes and the other Hindus so as to bring down the numerical superiority of the latter In this book Ambedkar presents the cases of Hindus and Muslims as their counsel for and against the idea of creating a Muslim state called Pakistan which had gained prominence after the League’s Lahore Declaration raised the demand in 1940 This is in fact a report prepared by a committee of the Indian Labour Party in 1940 immediately after League’s declaration Ambedkar was the chairman of the committee and authored the report This is a fine specimen of the wide knowledge and erudition of AmbedkarThe author lucidly explains the definition of nationalism nationhood and community as understood by eminent statesmen A community has only the right of insurrection They can only ask for a change in the mode and form of government without secession A nation has the right of disruption that is capable of breaking the bond and become a separate state He concludes that what stands between the Hindus and Muslims is not merely a matter of difference and this antagonism is not to be attributed to material causes alone It is formed by causes which take their origin in historical religious cultural and social antipathy Political antipathy was also added to this heady mix after the First World War when the idea of the freedom of India began to crystallize into the realm of possibility than a wild dream These factors form one river of deep discontent which is regularly fed by acts of hatredHaving established the basics Ambedkar ventures to examine whether the two communities can be designated as nations The Hindus had not yet become a nation and are in the process of becoming one To bring the contrast to focus Ambedkar examines the historical precedents and comes to the conclusion that there are no historical antecedents which the Hindus and Muslims can be said to share together as matter of pride or as matter of sorrow They have been just two armed battalions warring against each other One community’s heroes are the other’s villains Moreover the Muslim heroes have a track record of wreaking devastation and death across India Their past is a past of mutual destruction The perceived uniformity in some matters of custom and manners is partly due to incomplete conversion caused by some who retain their old ways This forms the basis of the separate nationhood of the Muslims From this point it reuires only a short walk to concede a separate state for them Further the right of nationalism to freedom from an aggressive foreign imperialism and the right of a minority to freedom from an aggressive majority nationalism are not two different things Another point to note is that the demand by a nationality for a national state does not reuire to be supported by any list of grievances The will of the people is enough to justify itThe author uite literally scoffs at the attempt of the Hindus to stall the idea of Pakistan by its appeals to preserve the territorial integrity of the motherland The raw deal they had had at the hands of the Muslim Invaders stands incomparable in its brutality barbarity and ruthlessness Ambedkar lists out the unbearable harshness of Muslim conuests during the 762 years from the advent of Muhammad of Ghazni to the return of Ahmed Shah Abdali in a long series of uotes from the historians of the period p54 63 The invasions were accompanied with destruction of temples and forced conversion with spoliation of property slaughter enslavement and gross abasement of men women and children Hence the memory of these invasions remained green as a source of pride to Muslims and as a source of shame to Hindus p64 The author concludes that if the Muslims are to be against the Hindus it is better that they should be without and against rather than within and against The arguments on inviolability of the land also does not hold water as he compares North India to Alsace Lorraine in Europe which had changed hands many times in the past This book also lists out the gruesome episodes of communal violence occurred at various parts of the country in the period 1920 40 p163 184 What is disturbing is the casual nature of the events that sparked the outbreak of riots No part of India whether in the north south west or the east was free from this malice that took on the proportions of a civil war Besides the author warns that the Congress may concede League’s extravagant demands for getting an undivided India to rule over This might well include 50 per cent reservation for Muslims in the legislature and executive and even declaring Urdu as the national language of IndiaAmbedkar notes the increasing rapport between the British and Indian Muslims after 1919 with a tinge of concern After that year it was fairly evident to the British government that the Congress which largely represented the Hindus under Gandhi was going to be charting a collision course with the administration of the country As a manifestation of the principle of Divide et Impera they extended an olive branch to the Muslims After 1919 the numerical strength of Muslims in the Indian army was boosted Indian army used to divulge its community wise constitution in those days and Muslims are reported to be filling up 36 per cent of the army in the 1930s while they comprised only a uarter of the population The author doubts the loyalty of these soldiers in case free India was attacked by a Muslim invader such as Afghanistan This was especially apposite for the period as the Muslim League and Khilafat Committee had taken the stand that Muslim soldiers in the army shall not be used against Muslim powers p98Ambedkar’s shining intellect illuminates the argument landscape of the book so that the readers never go astray He had such a fine grasp of constitutional matters that he has included the draft of a bill he proposes for preliminary provisions for the Indian constitution and the duties of a transition government Ambedkar presciently points out that mutual exchange of populations is necessary for Partition to take effect fully The draft includes sufficient enabling clauses to handle such issues Shifting and exchange of populations may be reuired to preserve homogeneity of newly formed states Turkey Greece and Bulgaria exchanged twenty million people after the First World War because they felt that considerations of communal peace must outweigh every other consideration If Nehru’s clueless administration had adopted Ambedkar’s visionary suggestions the bloodbath that accompanied partition in the form of forced migration across newly formed borders could have been averted entirely Unfortunately Nehru never rose to such lofty heights of intellectual preparedness He shunned any form of transitional authority and was straining at the leash to handle the reins of power the moment clock struck midnight on August 15 However Ambedkar could not foresee the relations between the two co

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Abinet of Jawaharlal Nehru He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna India's highest civilian honor in 1990 Since 1954 55 Ambedkar was suffering from serious health problems including diabetes and weak eyesight On 6 December 1956 he died at his home in Delhi CONTENTS Preface to the Second Edition ix xi Prologue xiii xiv Introduction xv xxvi Part I Muslim case for Pakistan Chapter I What does the League Demand 3 10 Chapter II A Nation Calling for a Home 11 21 Chapter III Escape from Degradation 23 32 Part II Hindu Case Against Pakistan Chapter IV Break up of Unity 35 49 Chapter V Weakening of the Defences 51 87 Chapter VI Pakistan and Commu. Dr Ambedkar was so clear about Islam and MuslimChapter Four he has traced the history of Muslim invasions and the butchering He refused to embrace Islam or Christianity and instead chose another Buddhism When will his followers understand Ambedkar's logic behind this decision

Characters Pakistan or Partition of India

Review ½ Pakistan or Partition of India 102 Ï ABOUT THE BOOK This book is the first reprint edition of great reformist farsighted and the father of Indian Constitution Dr B R Ambedkar He had treasure of knowledge which he used to frame the Constitution of the largest democracy of the world India One of his book Pakistan or the Partition Cide This book is a uniue source of information for the Institutions Libraries Universities scholars and Researchers of Political Science Modern History Social Work ABOUT THE AUTHOR Bhimrao Ambedkar was born to Bhimabai Sakpal and Ramji on 14 April 1891 in Madhya Pradesh He was the architects of the Indian Constitution He was a well known politician and an eminent jurist Ambedkar's efforts to eradicate the social evils like untouchablity and caste restrictions were remarkable The leader throughout his life fought for the rights of the dalits and other socially backward classes Ambedkar was appointed as the nation's first Law Minister in the C. WinsomePakistan or Partition of India is a voluminous take on the idea of the creation of Pakistan its pros and cons Babasaheb the author of this book has written in depth considering the sides of the Hindus the Muslims and of course putting first the idea of 'Nation First'His writing his narration and his words are not biased to neither Hindus nor Muslims However none of these people own this book rather disown it even after it telling the splendid truthMany comments are bold making this book an eye opener However when one looks at the amount of research the author has done the book becomes no lesser than a must read oneThe book leaves no doubt in your mind about the event It has that level of exactness and clarityIt's the best history books I've read so farIt's a must read for all however to the political aspirants it's than just a must read It's essential