Ancient Assyria Review ✓ 7

Review Ancient Assyria

Ancient Assyria Review ✓ 7 Ð Assyria was one of the most influential kingdoms of the Ancient Near East In this Very Short Introduction Karen Radner sketches the history of Assyria from city state to empire from the early 2nd millennium BC to the end of the 7th century BC Since the archaeological rediscovery of Assyria in the mid 19th century its citiIsrael with further sites in Iran Lebanon and Jordan providing important information The Assyrian Empire was one of the most geographically vast socially diverse multicultural and multi ethnic states of the early first millennium BC Using archaeological records Radner provides insights into the lives of the inhabitants of the kingdom highlighting the diversity of human experience. An excellent introduction into the Assyrian civilization of the ancient world this book corrected a lot of misconceptions that I held about them The book doesn't bore the reader for an instant and the writing style and organization of topics kept me uite engaged and craving for Of course this book is very short and meant for the casually curious It does not get bogged down in the details so if you are an Ancient near east neophyte looking for a uick intro to Assyriology this book is for you I'd suggest reading this along with the accompanying introductory book on Ancient Babylonia by Trevor Bryce

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S in the Assyrian Empire ABOUT THE SERIES The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area These pocket sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject uickly Our expert authors combine facts analysis perspective new ideas and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readabl. Very short yes but also very informative

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Ancient AssyriaAssyria was one of the most influential kingdoms of the Ancient Near East In this Very Short Introduction Karen Radner sketches the history of Assyria from city state to empire from the early 2nd millennium BC to the end of the 7th century BC Since the archaeological rediscovery of Assyria in the mid 19th century its cities have been excavated extensively in Ira Syria Turkey and. Years ago I somehow acuired the idea that the Assyrians were a fierce and brutal warrior society whose military had conuered much of the ancient Near East that lay between the kingdoms of Ur and the mighty Hittite Empire of Anatolia This idea was reinforced when I visited such museums as the Walters Art Museum in Balti Maryland the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York the Oriental Institute in Chicago and the British Museum in London and viewed the awesome reliefs and monumental winged Lammasu an Asssyrian protective deity usually depicted with the body of a lion or ox the head of a human and the wings of a raptor that once adorned the palaces of Assyrian kings like Ashurnasirpal IIRecently though Oxford Press sent me a review copy of a small book by Karen Radner entitled Ancient Assyria A Very Short Introduction and I finally had a chance to explore this culture in greater depth What I discovered was the Assyrians had a very sophisticated culture enjoying fine wines a fresh water supply indoor toilets and a well functioning sewage system Sounds rather Roman doesn't it But the Assyrian culture was founded in the 3rd millenium BCE although it didn't reach its apex until the 1st millenium BCEI learned the Assyrians enacted consumer protection for the buyers of their goods and even offered extended warranties although we usually don't think of these extending to the sales of human beings slave sales were subject to a 100 day guarantee against epilepsy and mental instabilityThey were rather protective of some of their inventions though Assyrians invented the foldable parasol but its use was restricted to royalty on pain of deathThe Assyrians were not all that brutal in the conduct of warfare either although they were highly skilled in the use of chariots and clearly embraced nuanced deployments of chariot cavalry archers slingers and infantry The Assyrians were interested in obtaining human resources from their conuered lands than in wholesale slaughter Skilled craftsman and educated scholars would be sorted out and relocated to the Assyrian heartland initially centered on the religious capital of Assur Although slaves were sometimes taken most conuered laborers were often relocated to areas needing colonizationIt has been calculated on the basis of references in the royal inscriptions that 4400000 or 900000 people were relocated from the mid 9th to the mid 7th century BC of which 85% were settled in central Assyria a gigantic number especially in a world whose population was a small fraction of today's For all of these people resettlement was meant to provide a better future while at the same time benefitting the empire Of course their relocation was at the same time an effective way of minimizing the risk of rebellion against the central authorityThese conuered colonists were well provisioned and reliefs depict them without fetters An 8th century BCE letter from an official to King Tilgath pileser III details the provisions allocated to a group of settlers from western SyriaAs for the Arameans about whom the king my lord has written to me 'Prepare them for their journey' I shall give them their food supplies clothes a waterskin a pair of shoes and oil I do not have my donkeys yet but once they are available I will dispatch my convoyOnce the new colonists reached their destination the king provided further supportAs for the Arameans about whom the king my lord has said 'They are to have wives' We found numerous suitable women but their fathers refuse to give them in marriage claiming 'We will not consent unless they can pay the bride price' Let them be paid so that the Arameans can get marriedObviously the king wanted the colony to be a successful commun