Heaven Hell and Purgatory review ´ E-book or Kindle E-pub

read Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory review ´ E-book, or Kindle E-pub à Will heaven be boring How can a good and loving God send people to hell Is there such a place as purgatory If so why is it necessary if we're saved by grace uestions about the afterlife abound Given what is at stake they are the most important uestions we wilHe provides an ecumenical account of purgatory that is compatible with Protestant theology and defends the doctrine of eternal hell Walls shows that the Christian vision of the afterlife illumines the deepest and most important issues of our lives changing the way we think about happiness personal identity morality and the very meaning of li. Walls a protestant theologian intends the book primarily for evangelical protestants re considering their views of hell and purgatory As this book contains a protestant plea for purgatory it will be useful for Roman Catholic and Orthodox scholars and ecumenical theologians in general to look at its reasoningWalls’ book is well written in a conversational style anticipating the major problems his reasoning will have for his primary audience Although this is not a heavy handed book it is clear throughout that it is based on serious academic scholarship Scholars doubting whether Walls’ three monographs are worth investigating might well start with this little bookWalls’ book is a brave proposal that is well argued and cleverly communicated It deserves a wide readership across denominational divides

free download ↠ E-book, or Kindle E-pub ä Jerry L. Walls

Laiming to have received a glimpse of the afterlife and numerous books films and TV shows have apocalyptic or postapocalyptic themes Jerry Walls a dynamic writer and expert on the afterlife distills his academic writing on heaven hell and purgatory to offer clear biblical theological and philosophical grounding for thinking about these issues. Purgatory promulgated by a protestant I had to check this out Alas I'm not persuaded Hell is a troubling idea I'm sympathetic to that but Jerry Walls's proposal of purgatory disappoints He doesn't derive his argument from the Bible and he gets the gospel wrong in the process My final note sums up my thoughts on Heaven Hell and Purgatory NotesPurgatory defended by a protestant philosopher 16Heaven will answer our deepest longings for happiness and satisfaction 24Beatific vision eternal lover's gaze 33Recognizing God as the source of all good things does not diminish our joy It enhances it 37If God is love then how can there be Hell Basic logic 1 God is perfectly good and loving as well as all powerful 2 If God is perfectly good and loving he wants all persons to be saved 3 If God is all powerful he can save all persons 4 therefore all will be saved 58Mirrors the argument from evil 58free will defense 59Hell is possible precisely because God is love 59Even if people freely choose Hell it's hard to imagine them not changing their mind once they get there 65Author doubts if evidence is ever compelling 69Why would anyone choose hell Walls refers to CS Lewis's Great Divorce 73Ch 4 If we are Saved by Grace Why do we Need Purgatory 76Why purgatory Basic facts every theology needs to account for 1 have is a place of total perfection 2 to enter we must be holy 3 Christians are not perfect when they diePersonal note Walls appears to be completely misunderstanding justification 79Personal note Walls is arguing that we still need to be sanctified purged when we die so purgatory makes sense This completely misses the gospel It is never our righteousness that merit's heaven It is the perfect righteousness of Jesus Calvin For what means this purgatory of there's but that satisfaction for sins is paid by the souls of the dead after their death For the reformers purgatory represented nothing less the a denial that the death of Christ was sufficient to save us from the guilt of our sins and the punishment we deserve 82 Personal note I agree with the reformersPersonal note this is a different approach than I expected I would be open to a purgatory for non believers Personal note Walls arguing for a progressive salvation in line with sanctification Perhaps NT Wright's view 86 I'm not fond It changes the euation from saved by grace to saved by faith A subtle but crucial difference to aspire to holiness is to aspire to happiness 91Personal note Walls addresses my concerns above uite unsatisfactorily it is not enough to be forgiven or to have our sinful acts covered by the blood We need that additional work of grace that transforms who we are in the depths of our being so that we can truly enjoy our relationship with the God of holy love 93Personal note so far this has been a purely philosophical argument based in faulty premises No attempt has been made to justify purgatory from the Bible Forgiveness is not unconditional To actually be forgiven is conditional upon accepting the forgiveness offered which reuires owning the wrong that was done and turning away from it 124Walls in dealing with the objection that Hitler could have been saved while the Jew he killed goes to hell appeals to purgatory Hitler might still pay for his sins even as he is positionalally forgiven 125 Personal note there is a certain attraction to this idea Chapter 7 Heaven Hell and the Ground of Morality 133What gives morality its authority According to Wilson centuries of debater come down to these two fundamental options either moral principles exist outside the human mind and are independent of human experience or they are inventions of human minds Wilson labels those who hold the former position transcendentalists and those who hold the latter empiricists 141There is a fundamental difference between providing a biological explanation of why we are inclined to accept a given moral principle and showing that we should accept it 144To love another person is to promote that person's happiness and well being 148Trinitarian love is the deepest reality 149On the eternaility of hell This frightful those of this famous line is made all the terrifying when we add to the picture a view that is held by many orthodox Christians namely that our eternal destiny is sealed at the moment of death On this view of one dies without a saving relationship with God one is irrevocably lost consigned to eternal hell with no chance of ever escaping Moreover such a saving relationship with God reuired a explicit confession of Christ as Lord 152 What is it about death that ends any possibility of repentance Purgatory a theological novelty 166Personal note I want to be fair to Walls even as I'm not convinced It seems his argument boils down to 1 Scripture doesn't forbid the concept of purgatory I would disagree 2 The classical concept of hell is problematic I'm sympathetic here 3 isn’t purgatory a nice thought really not trying to be flippant 4 there is a tradition among fine thinkers who believed in purgatory This isn’t insignificant but neither is it an argument If anything it's a fallacious appeal to popularity

Jerry L. Walls ä 9 read & download

Heaven Hell and PurgatoryWill heaven be boring How can a good and loving God send people to hell Is there such a place as purgatory If so why is it necessary if we're saved by grace uestions about the afterlife abound Given what is at stake they are the most important uestions we will ever consider Recent years have seen a surge of Christian books written by people c. Interest in heaven hell and the afterlife have seen a dramatic increase in recent years Myriads of books movies and articles have been published reporting both sensational experiences and profound skepticism Yet what this resurgence has often lacked is sustained thoughtful theological reflection on these matters of extreme importance Jerry Walls’ Heaven Hell and Purgatory seeks to fill that void Having written multiple scholarly works related to Christian doctrines of the afterlife this volume communicates Walls’ central claims in a accessible format The book opens with an account of Heaven drawn from Revelation 20 22 and then seeks to tease out the logic of this vision as it relates to Hell Purgatory and a host of issues surrounding the afterlife such as ‘are souls saved with or without bodies’ ‘Does the joy of heaven make up for suffering’ and ‘How does heaven shape our moral life’ Along the way Walls explains his vision by appealing to the likes of Dante Dorothy Sayers and CS Lewis and then facing various Christian and secular objections to his position His argument for a literal heaven and hell rests on the belief that humanity was created for relationship with God and that this relationship reuires a free autonomous choice by both parties Heaven is both the end and goal of human life since it is union and deep fellowship with the Triune God who made us in his image Therefore heaven is a place of incredible joy and the perfect union of beauty goodness and truth Since heaven is fundamentally relationship with God to reject relationship with God is to reject heaven According to Walls true loving relationship reuires a truly free response which even God cannot override Because of God’s respect for our creaturely freedom Walls argues hell is a logical side effect of God’s desire to be in loving relationship with us Both heaven and eternal hell exist as a result of God’s love for humanity Walls argument for purgatory functions somewhat differently Instead of being based upon created human nature purgatory is a logical conseuence of the doctrine of salvation Walls argues that because we need to be holy to stand before God and that none of us is perfectly holy in this life the process of becoming perfectly holy sanctification must continue between death and our arrival in heaven The rest of the book explains how his vision of heaven hell and purgatory makes sense in the face of various uestions raised about the afterlife Walls claims that each of his subseuent positions body soul dualism post mortem repentance and heaven as the ground of morality have precedent in the Christian tradition even if they are not always the majority view Heaven Hell and Purgatory is strongest when speaking of heaven It is here that his argument is most biblical and most persuasive By connecting heaven to creation Walls manages to both center human identity in union with God and provide external grounds for moral actions In particular I found his chapter on heaven as ethical motivation to be both challenging and thought provokingHowever I also have serious concerns with much of the book While I do not disagree with every conclusion he makes for instance the existence of heaven and hell and even the possibility of a ‘purgation’ after death both the method and substance of his arguments were troubling Walls is trained as a philosopher of religion so his use of logical and philosophical arguments was not surprising However outside of his discussion of heaven analytic logic seems to guide his arguments than Scripture This might make sense in section where he is dealing with secular challenges to Christian beliefs but even when dealing with other Christian positions Scripture rarely made a substantive appearance For instance in his 24 page chapter arguing that we should believe that God allows for repentance after death post mortem repentance barely two pages deal directly with Scripture As a Christian pastor who has to consider whether to recommend this book to my parishioners this is a distinct weakness of the book While I don’t deny that his methodology might be helpful in conversations with skeptics of Christian teaching a lack of biblical engagement is a drawback as I think of my parishioners Also as a Reformed pastor Walls caricatures of the reformed tradition often left me puzzled and frustrated A significant part of my dissatisfaction with the book is connected with some of the real theological differences between Reformed and Arminian theology In his book Love Wins Rob Bell provocatively asked “Does God get what God wants” If God is all powerful and all loving and wants all to be saved does God get what he wants or is his will thwarted by human disobedience This fundamental uestion led Bell to hope for a post mortem repentance that would eventually lead to the emptying of hell Eventually love wins Where Bell answers the uestion “Does God get what God wants” with a definitive ‘yes’ Walls answers this negatively Because God respects our creaturely freedom even though God wants us all to come to relationship with Him if we resist ultimately God does not get what he wants His will is thwarted by human rebellion For Walls it seems the important uestion is not ‘does God get what God wants’ but ‘do we get what we want’ Our will not God’s becomes the determining factor in salvation In fact according to Walls God does not want there to be hell but is powerless to do anything about it In other words our freedom is stronger than God’s will Jesus doesn’t actually save people he only potentially saves people We in fact make the decision that determines salvation Walls’ Arminian theology of salvation leads to a doctrine of hell where God is both passive and powerless God simply cannot do anything about hell but ‘do his best’ to encourage us to come to him While Bell and Walls come down on different sides on this uestion they share a fundamental outlook on God and the human condition God can be reduced to love and we know exhaustively all that God wants from his creation In studying Bell’s Love Wins one of my seminary professors suggested that we ask a different uestion Instead of asking ‘Does God get what God wants’ or ‘Do we get what we want’ we should ask ‘Do we know all that God wants’ I suggest that we must answer ‘No’ We know God’s will truly but not exhaustively God is neither powerless passive nor thwarted by human rebellion and yet Scripture teaches that not all will be saved I am not suggesting that there are no challenges in my position but that Walls articulation of heaven hell and purgatory suggests that God is powerless in the face of human freedom and rebellion which I find biblical and theologically problematic Heaven Hell and Purgatory serves as a thoughtful and sustained engagement with the Christian story of the afterlife He addresses multiple common objections and presents an intriguing vision for grounding ethics in the doctrine of heaven However the books weaknesses outweigh its strengths It’s lack of biblical engagement and his treatment of divine and human agency make it difficult for me to recommend without serious reservations