Mike Berners-Lee ☆ 4 Free read
Read & Download The Burning uestion Ý PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ¾ Take one complex scientific discipline Add the future of energy economics and geopolitics Season with human nature The Burning uestion reveals climate change to be the most fascinating scientific political and social puzzle in history It shows that carbon emiOne reason is that saving energy is like sueezing a balloon reductions in one place lead to increases elsewhere Another reason is that clean energy sources don't in themselves slow the rate of fossil fuel extractionTackling global warming will mean persuading the world to abandon oil coal and gas reserves worth many trillions of dollars at least unt. An absolutely essential book Hits the reset button on the climate debate without flinching Stone cold analysis without hysteria; laying out the situation in a clear and easily digestible way Narrows the environmental solution to neat and uncompromising simplicity don't burn fossil fuels One of those books that future generations might look back on and think 'I can't believe that this got published and it still took our grandparents so fucking long to act'
Summary ¹ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ☆ Mike Berners-Lee
Take one complex scientific discipline Add the future of energy economics and geopolitics Season with human nature The Burning uestion reveals climate change to be the most fascinating scientific political and social puzzle in history It shows that carbon emissions are still accelerating upwards following an exponential curve that goes back centuries. Berners Lee and Clark have written a stark and challenging assessment of the state of the world's energy usage our current and projected fossil fuel commitments and the likely implications for the state of the planet being warmed by our relentless extraction and exploitation of these powerful greenhouse loading fuelsBill McKibben's foreword is starkIf the pictures of towering wildfires devastating droughts and crippling hurricanes haven't convinced you here are some hard numbers about climate change May 2012 was the hottest month on record for the Northern Hemisphere – the 327th consecutive month in which the temperature of the entire globe exceeded the twentieth century average the odds of which occurring by simple chance were 37 x 1099 a number considerably larger than the number of stars in the universe In a series of accessible and well argued chapters the authors lay out our troubles clearly and sharply1 Fossil fuel use and emissions has been growing exponentially for around a century2 Warming from these emissions of even 2°C now almost inevitable is extraordinarily risky and will likely bring impacts that many species and many nations will find it difficult or impossible to cope with while warming of 4°C or within the century horrifyingly all too likely on current trends could be catastrophic3 The world simply cannot afford to utilise than a fraction of the available coal oil and gas reserves if we are to avoid these catastrophic outcomes The authors suggest roughly 50% of available fossil fuel reserves if we want a 50% chance of restricting warming to below 2°C and just 25% of the reserves if we want a 75% chance of holding to that limit Recent studies suggest that the constraints are even tighter than that4 Humans therefore will need to bring about not just a deliberate peak in our use of fossil fuels but a sharp and unprecedented decline5 Yet many trends are either pointing the wrong way global emissions continue to increase international negotiations for a climate deal are faltering and changes to energy use and increased efficiency seem to just free up space for increased usage or consumption elsewhere the Jevons' paradox6 And powerful national and corporate extractors exporters and users of these fossil fuel resources along with probably a passive majority of people whose current lifestyles depend on burning these fossil fuels are at best conflicted and at worst openly hostile to any limits being placed on our fossil fuel useThey note the difficulty of generating widespread popular concern about climate change but argue that it is only with increased popular pressure that the necessary changes will come aboutIf you wanted to invent a problem to induce confusion disbelief and the turning of blind eyes it would be hard to come up with something better than climate change It's caused by a build up of gases that we can't see smell or taste and the effects play out through a weather and climatic system that is by its nature unpredictable and variable Adding to the abstract nature of the problem is the fact that the most dangerous impacts are many years away By the time we see climate changes shocking enough to act as a global weak up call we will be committed to many decades of worsening symptoms and it may be too late to stop runaway warmingThe book's final section turns to six key steps that will help tackle climate changeSadly for all the clear eyed realism of the earlier outlining of the problems and challenges we face this section is the shortest sketchiest and most wishful We can all agree that overcoming misinformation striving for an effective global deal to limit greenhouse gas emissions drastically scaling up low carbon and carbon capture technologies and reducing deforestation are all things to be passionately pursued However the chapters on these issues never really grappled with the vested interests or social and political inertias and perils that bedevil these policy and action areasI felt like I had a devastatingly accurate map of the energy and climate change landscape I now find myself in – for which I am extremely grateful to the authors But their guide on how to extricate ourselves from the mess we find ourselves in is a handful of good ideas sketched out on post it notes
Summary The Burning uestion
The Burning uestionIl we have the means to put carbon back in the ground The burning uestion is whether that can be done What mix of politics psychology economics and technology might be reuired Are the energy companies massively overvalued and how will carbon cuts affect the global economy Will we wake up to the threat in time And who can do what to make it all happen. Who owns fossil fuels Through my ratings reviews and edits I'm providing intellectual property and labor to com Inc listed on Nasda which fully owns Goodreadscom and in 2013 posted revenues for 74 billion and 274 million profits Intellectual property and labor reuire compensation com Inc is also reuested to provide assurance that its employees and contractors' work conditions meet the highest health and safety standars at all the company's sites Five stars only for raising this uestion apparently trivial but not at all burning in the current policy debate The book builds on the foundational work of British NGO Carbon Tracker and brings to the conversation a rational approach à la Jevons whose The coal uestion echoed in the title reframed in 1865 the issue of 'peak coal' through a pioneering use of statisticsThe key statistic here is the planet's 'carbon budget' combined with the CO2 potential of the fossil fuels not yet unearthed The book is at its best when it analyzes the trade offs of the mitigation policies that aim to keep us within the limits of the carbon budget Applying logic it shows how illusory some of our policies are The weakest and broadest parts are those dedicated to reviewing possible solutions from carbon capture to geo engineering or where the uestions in point are too controversial for even starting to tackle them eg you cannot answer in a few paragraphs the uestion Is economic growth important or address the limits of human rationalityA doubt I have about the accuracy of the carbon budget vs CO2 potential assumption is that the authors might not be fully taking into account how the carbon cycle works It is my understanding that roughly 50% of all the CO2 dumped into the atmosphere is absorbed by forests and oceans to a decreasing extent as oceans acidify and forests are turned into farmed land Factoring this in should stretch the carbon budget by a few yearsA new book expanding on the first two parts of this one and dropping its superficial social psychology considerations and unconvincing policy recommendations would definetely do justice to the tragic nature of the problem at hand