Read & download â The Statues that Walked ↠ PDF DOC TXT or eBook

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Read & download â The Statues that Walked ↠ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Ý The monumental statues of Easter Island so magisterial and so forlorn gazing out in their imposing rows over the island’s barren landscape have been the source of great mystery ever since first discovered by Europeans on Easter SundaFer a definitive solution to the mystery of what really happened on the island Far from irresponsible environmental destroyers they show the Easter Islanders were remarkably inventive environmental stewards devising ingenious methods to enhance the island’s agricultural capacity They did not devastate the palm forest and the culture did not descend into brutal violence Perhaps most surprising of all the making and moving of their enormous statutes did not reuire a bloated population or tax their precious resources; their statue building was actually integral to their ability to achieve a delicate balance of sustainability The Easter Islanders it turns out offer us an impressive record of masterful environmental management rich with lessons for confronting the daunting environmental challenges of our own time. A different point of view on Easter Island Aliens once visited Earth and left their calling card on Easter Island in the form of giant stone statues Yeah sure Maybe the giant statues are the remains of a lost continent like Mu Yeah right The Incas floated 2000 miles across the Pacific and built walls and the statues only to be displaced by newer immigrants Nope There were two groups of people on the island called “Long Ears” and “Short Ears” who eventually fought a terrible war after the island ecology was ruined Thor Heyerdahl the Norwegian adventurer believed this But this is fake news tooWhat am I getting at here Though there are still some uestions and a few that will never be answered Hunt and Lipo have come up with a most excellent and convincing work of research on the history of Easter Island They explode most of the crackpot ideas and previous theories about the place Easter Island was probably not settled till 1200 AD At that time it was settled by two groups all right; humans and rats Though the humans did cut down a lot of the forest of giant palms that covered the 63 suare mile island it was the rats who ensured that no trees would grow because they ate up all the seeds without fear of any predators The humans starting from a single small group of settlers never expanded to great numbers Did they settle in a town or develop a kingdom of any sort No there is no proof of this So how did they manage to build the hundreds of statues and platforms that dot the island And also how did they manage to move them around without wheels or any beasts of burden Why were there so few people visible when the first Europeans arrived Was there ever a bloody internecine war Did people hide out in caves a lot as Heyerdahl described What was the cause of the steep population decline between 1722 and 1887 The answers to these uestions can be found in THE STATUES THAT WALKED a most well written and fascinating book on the so called “mystery” of Easter Island or Rapa Nui as it is called in the local language I really appreciated the way the authors wrote clearly and succinctly in language understandable to anyone and how they organized the book so well that by the end you come away with a plausible and well documented explanation of what transpired on that most remote dot in the vast Pacific If Easter Island Rapa Nui ever interested you this is your book It turns out that the statues almost certainly did “walk” but not under their own steam How this happened is one thing you will learn by reading the book

Terry L. Hunt ¾ 0 Read

Hy was the island the Europeans encountered a sparsely populated wastelandThe prevailing accounts of the island’s history tell a story of self inflicted devastation a glaring case of eco suicide The island was dominated by a powerful chiefdom that promulgated a cult of statue making exercising a ruthless hold on the island’s people and rapaciously destroying the environment cutting down a lush palm forest that once blanketed the island in order to construct contraptions for moving and statues which grew larger and larger As the population swelled in order to sustain the statue cult growing well beyond the island’s agricultural capacity a vicious cycle of warfare broke out between opposing groups and the culture ultimately suffered a dramatic collapseIn this lively and fascinating account Hunt and Lipo of. Good place to start if you've not read a book about Easter Island Better current research than earlier tomes contain 32819 Santiago AFP Norway agreed Thursday to hand back thousands of artefacts removed from Easter Island by the explorer Thor Heyerdahl during his trans Pacific raft expeditions in the 1950sAn agreement was signed by representatives of Oslo's Kon Tiki Museum and officials of Chile's culture ministry at a ceremony in Santiago as part of a state visit by Norway's King Harald V and ueen SonjaLink to Heyerdahl's Easter Island book Aku Aku

Download ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ¾ Terry L. Hunt

The Statues that WalkedThe monumental statues of Easter Island so magisterial and so forlorn gazing out in their imposing rows over the island’s barren landscape have been the source of great mystery ever since first discovered by Europeans on Easter Sunday 1722 How could the ancient people who inhabited this tiny speck of land the most remote in the vast expanse of the Pacific islands have built such monumental works No such astonishing numbers of massive statues are found anywhere else in the Pacific How could the islanders possibly have moved so many multi ton monoliths from the uarry inland where they were carved to their posts along the coastline And most intriguing and vexing of all if the island once boasted a culture developed and sophisticated enough to have produced such marvelous edifices what happened to that culture W. The tiny South Pacific Easter Island of“Rapa Nui”and the mysterious statues on it has intrigued historians from all over the world In 1722 the first Europeans sighted these huge stone heads on this small and isolated island off of Chile Archaeologists Terry Hunt and Carl Lido have retold the story in their terrific book that challenges the past theories after spending years of intensive field work there Researchers in the past believed that in order to build these massive statues called Moai there must have been a huge population increase and destruction of forest to build and transport the statues The ancient island people destroyed their trees their environment and themselves But this book disputes that idea and offers new fascinating scientific evidenceThe Polynesian prehistoric Rapa Nui people had to find local solutions in their engineering working of rock and transporting of these seventy five ton statues They were hand carved out of the island's volcanic rock built by the tribal culture and set on rock platforms The “Moai” were religious ancestor statues of massive stone heads and there was almost 1000 of them They were transported over rough terrain sometimes for a few miles In the old theories how they moved the statues was thought to be that hundreds of people had to help with transportation Instead looking at this issue with fresh research this book reveals it might have been just ten to forty islanders These archaeologists and their team built a 3 D model and then after considerable experimentation could get the statue to rock back and forth and “walk” using ropes around the head The original statues were engineered to do this “walk” and did not need any wood to transport themAlso in this book the authors surmise that instead of environmental destruction killing the islanders it was the Spanish explorers bringing diseases to the island that wiped out some of the population Then in the early 19th century slave trading began and the island was raided on a regular basis Unfortunately it was genocide not ecocide that killed off the local peopleThe authors remind us that these ancient people survived for five hundred years on a remote island with very little contact The island had mostly coconut trees that made building canoes for fishing not feasible nor did they have fresh water running streams for their crops Yet they still survived by planting their crops in the volcanic soilThese researchers feel we owe the current descendents of the islanders who still live on the island an explanation of what happened in the past They believe the ancient islanders were not reckless or crazy or warlike nor did they cause their own demise Instead they offer a different perspective and scientific evidence of Easter Island's history I was very happy to read it and thought they did an amazing job Four stars