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T led to cultural flowering In others drought shook long established societies such as the Maya and the Indians of the American Southwest whose monumental buildings were left deserted as elaborate social structures collapsed Brian Fagan examines how subtle chang. Subtitle Climate Change and the Rise and Fall of Civilizations Brian Fagan has written a few dozen books and several of them have to do with past climatic changes For example he has written on the Little Ice Age between 1300 and 1850 This book is on a previous period from roughly AD 800 to 1200 when Europe and much of the rest of the world was unusually warmAny book on a period of global warming of course is going to have as a perhaps silent but never far forgotten backdrop the current period of global warming and what conseuences it may have for us Some may dislike this book's point of view because it asserts mostly implicitly that global warming of even a degree or two can have profound conseuences and even wreck some civilizations such as the Maya or Angkor Others may dislike having it pointed out that even in the absence of widespread burning of fossil fuels the global temperature has varied over the centuries with large enough swings to change the weather If you're trying to convince people that the 'delicate balance of nature' is being upended by the thoughtless greed of humanity it may seem dangerously off message to discuss at great length how climate change was already happening a thousand years agoFortunately Fagan seems to be fact minded enough to ignore both objectionsThe Great Warming has apparently been written about for over half a century but in the last decade or two much new information has come to light We have tree ring derived estimates of climate change going back a couple millennia for many different parts of the world Something similar has been done with coral growth Fagan introduces us to some historical records related to weather which reflect different culture's particular hangups in east Asia we have records of the day of the year when the cherry blossoms were first seen whereas in France we have records going back centuries related to the grape harvests for wineIt's a lot of different sources to put together and then it has to be compared to what is known about history from conventional sources One of the interesting things Fagan points out is that often the conventional historical records gloss over the droughts and famines and floods in favor of detailed discussions of military campaigns and royal infighting Comparing it to the recently accumulated records on rainfall and the length of the growing season however and we can see that in many cases it was the abundance or scarcity of crops that was moving one nation or tribe to attack another Were the people at the time unaware of what was really driving their history Or was there just no market for a chronicler who wrote that Genghis Khan came storming out of central Asia to menace and partially conuer Europe and China because drought had caused the pasturage in his homelands to be unable to support the Mongols' population and thus it was conuer or die Chroniclers have always depended on patrons and few patrons pay to have their actions reduced to climatic necessityThere are also sources such as the Mayan historical records which have only been deciphered in the last few decades and thus we have a lot history to compare to the climate change indicators tree rings etc Fagan is very broad ranging in his analysis of the history of these centuries he spends as much time on the Mayans and Pueblo as on the Greenland Norse and other European or European derived people Some of them like the pre Incan civilizations of the Moche and Chimu are not histories I have heard before The arrival of the Spanish conuistadores is placed in a much greater context if the Aztec and Incan empires are not static entities prior to their arrival but the latest groups to win at King of the Hill standing atop the rubble of empires that came beforeIn a similar way it sheds some additional light on some of our current cities such as LA Phoenix and Las Vegas to read tales of the Pueblo in southwest North America and the Angkor in southeast Asia To be perfectly frank I don't believe that cities of anything like their current size will exist in Phoenix or Las Vegas half a century from now and while the position of Los Angeles next to the ocean improves their odds somewhat the sustainable water sources near there at least raise the uestionFagan spends almost no time discussing the parallels to modern uestions about climate change although in the last chapter he does for a bit This is a good choice on his part since most readers of this book will have doubtless heard much about that already Voices on both sides of that debate yes there are than two sides but it is not as if they are not aligned along two predominant planes have mostly analyzed this uestion from underinformed positions Climate change and resource exhaustion have been encountered before in human history but up until now the people who grappled with the conseuences had no option of learning what the experience of others had been We unlike the peoples of the past do have such an option; best that we take advantage of it Fagan's book is a good place to start

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The Great Warming Climate Change and the Rise and Fall of CivilizationsEs in the environment had far reaching effects on human life in a narrative that sweeps from the Arctic ice cap to the Sahara to the Indian Ocean The lessons of history suggest we may be yet be underestimating the power of climate change to disrupt our lives tod. Brian Fagan a retired professor of anthropology at the University of California Santa Barbara wrote “The Great Warming” which provides an exuisite reasoning to this debate Disregarding the “chatterers and doomsday sayers” Fagan states that “almost none of these self proclaimed prophets bother to look back at climate change in earlier centuries and millennia; except for politically charged discussions as to whether the world was warmer a thousand years ago than it is today Preface xvii Fagan” The Great Warming eludes this worn controversy “The globe is warming” Fagan assures us and “the primary cause of that warming is human activity 14 Fagan” With that established Fagan shifts our focus back a turn of a century one thousand years to indicate warming climate reports unknown ualifications as a cause for probable doomsday theoriesEurope endured a “great warming” that contributed somewhat immense temperatures and amplified rainfall The aftermath for Europe was paradise for most food less disease and a development in science Though little was known the entire globe was experiencing these increased climatic temperatures which eventually led to vast aridity around the world Relentless droughts many which lead to countless deaths were widespread in central Asia northern Africa western South America western and southwestern North America and much of Australia Author Brian Fagan manages to do lots of exploration on historical temperature changes including inspection of tree rings coral alterations ice cores and sediment digging by numerous scientists from an abundant of locations over the past 100 years Though these temperature changes are extremely minor they have extensive effects on crops soils grasses trees wildlife lakes and rivers glaciers deserts ocean currents and even major wind patternsThe book The Great Warming was a thought provoking read with remarkable detail and first class narrative skills If you want to read a factual intriguing book that tends to keep you amused this book is a fantastic read From the arid regions of the Chimur civilization to the dramatic temperature falls of The Medieval Warming period we can conclude global warming is happening The uestion is what will we do to protect the future of this planet

Brian M. Fagan ¿ 7 Read & Download

The Great Warming: Climate Change and the Rise and Fall of Civilizations characters à eBook, PDF or Kindle ePUB Ü From the 10th to 15th centuries the earth experienced a rise in surface temperature that changed climate worldwide a preview of today's global warming In somFrom the 10th to 15th centuries the earth experienced a rise in surface temperature that changed climate worldwide a preview of today's global warming In some areas including much of Western Europe longer summers brought bountiful crops and population growth tha. Back in the '70s the media was rife with concern over the cooling climate and the new ice age that was possible going to end life as we knew it Volumes of scientific research supported the contention that mankiind's influence was responsible for the coming catastropheTwenty five years later gloabal warming was the alarm du jour Dessertification of crop lands rising sea levels and loss of life were all but ensured Mankind was to blame and the only way to save ourselves was by eliminating the use of fossil fuels Volumes of scientific evidence supported the inevitability of the tragedy to come Today global warming has been replaced by climate change some areas will get hotter; some areas will get colder; some drier; some wetter The distruptions this causes will naturally be cataclismicat least according to the popular media This book written from the perspective of a historiansocial anthropologist has one clear message huge climate changes have shaped our past and will continue to shape our futures For all practical purposes the book details the societal changes that occurred throughout the world as a result of the medieval warming how as a result of climate changes which caused European average temperatures to rise a few degrees F for a few centuries what had been tundra in Europe became productive crop land This led to cultural and social changes that permitted the expansion of cities and the divisions of labor which then permitted the industrial revolution to occur At the same time this very same climatic change caused changes in precipitation that tremendously reduced the influence of societies elsewhere in the world such as native American populations in the Southwest US and Peru But what I found most interesting about this book was how un politicized its treatment of climate change was Climate change is and was a fact throughout the time man has been on Earth Irrespective of what we do it will occur Our challenge is not to control climate change Our challenge is to adapt to it